Wisconsin Home Health Quality Regulations – HHA Attorney Wisconsin

February 14th, 2017

Wisconsin Home Health Quality Reporting Requirements-  OASIS Data Item Set 

The reporting of quality data by home health agencies (HHAs) is mandated by Section 1895(b)(3)(B)(v)(II) of the Social Security Act (“the Act”).  This statute requires that ‘‘each home health agency shall submit to the Secretary such data that the Secretary determines are appropriate for the measurement of health care quality. Such data shall be submitted in a form and manner, and at a time, specified by the Secretary for purposes of this clause.’’

OASIS reporting is mandated in the Medicare regulations at 42 C.F.R.§484.250(a), which requires HHAs to submit OASIS assessments and Home Health Care Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey (HH CAHPS) data to meet the quality reporting requirements of section 1895(b)(3)(B)(v) of the Act.

Home Health Quality Reporting Requirements

Maneuvers and Techniques Prohibited in Community Based Programs and Facilities

February 9th, 2017

Wisconsin Prohibited Maneuvers and Techniques in Community Based Programs

Wisconsin Behavioral Health Managing Aggressive Behaviors

Wisconsin Behavioral Health Lawyer

The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS) as released a memo that specifies maneuvers or techniques that may not be used at any time in community based programs and facilities. DHS deems the prohibited maneuvers or techniques to “present an inherently high risk of serious injury and even death.”  Providers are directed by DHS to immediately discontinue the use of any of the listed maneuvers.  Prohibited maneuvers, techniques, and procedures that may not be used under any circumstances include:

  • Any maneuver or technique that does not give adequate attention and care to protection
    of the head.
  • Any maneuver or technique that places pressure or weight on the chest, lungs, sternum,
    diaphragm, back, or abdomen.
  • Any maneuver or technique that places pressure, weight, or leverage on the neck or throat, on any artery, or on the back of the head or neck, or that otherwise obstructs or restricts the circulation of blood or obstructs an airway, such as straddling or sitting on the torso, or any type of choke hold.
  • Any maneuver or technique that involves pushing into a person’s mouth, nose, or eyes.
  • Any maneuver or technique that utilizes pain to obtain compliance or control, including punching, hitting, hyperextension of joints, or extended use of pressure points.
  • Any maneuver or technique that forcibly takes a person from a standing position to the floor or ground. This includes taking a person from a standing position to a horizontal (prone or supine) position or to a seated position on the floor.
  • Any maneuver or technique that creates a motion causing forcible impact on the person’s head or body, or forcibly pushes an individual against a hard surface.
  • The use of seclusion where the door to the room would remain locked without someone having to remain present to apply some type of constant pressure or control to the locking mechanism.

DHS explains in the memo that the ultimate goal is to replace such interventions with trauma-informed systems and settings, positive behavior supports, and non-coercive intervention strategies. DHS promotes recovery and healing that is consumer-driven, person-centered, trauma-informed, and recovery-based.

In addition to describing measures that are completely prohibited, DHS states that restrictive measures that are not prohibited may only be used in emergency situations in which there is an imminent risk of serious harm to self or others, or as part of an approved plan. Situations in which the person’s behavior was foreseeable based on his or her
history are not considered an emergency.   Even restrictive measures that are not directly prohibited must be avoided whenever possible and may only be used after all other feasible alternatives, including de-escalation techniques, have been exhausted. When necessary, restrictive measures may only be used with the minimum amount of force needed, and for the shortest duration possible, to restore safety.

Facilities should review their policies and practices to assure compliance with the guidelines set forth in the memo. Additional staff training should be conducted to assure compliance with these standards.   Additionally, providers should become familiar with the changing standards of care and best practices focused on building skills and techniques to de-escalate and redirect behaviors that present safety concerns, and work earnestly to promote a trauma-informed culture of care.

Health Law Blog Wisconsin Healthcare Lawyer Blog

January 25th, 2017

Health Care Blog Articles Published by John Fisher

Here is a list of some of the recent health law related blog articles that I have recently posted across several different blog sites:

HIPAA Breach Notification Settlement – First Case of Untimely Notice of Breach

OIG Annual Work Plan for 2017 – Topics Covered

Skilled Nursing Facility and Nursing Home Initiatives OIG 2017 Annual Work Plan

Don’t Overlook Special Status of Behavioral Health Records

Off-Campus Provider-Based Departments Site-Neutrality

21st Century Cures Act Signed by President Obama

US Attorney Manual Updated to Incorporate Yates Memorandum DOJ Directives Incorporating the Yates Principles

Certification of Investigation of Individual Wrongdoing Under the Yates Memorandum

How Should Compliance Process Integrate the Yates Memorandum?

New Federal Prosecution Standards Require Revisions to Investigation Policies

300 Pages of New Regulations Ruining Health Care Attorney Lives Across the Country

60 Day Repayment Rule Affordable Care Act

ACO Primary Care Exclusivity Requirement – Not As Broad As Some Believe

Ambulatory Surgery Center Advisory Opinions

Antitrust Law Application In Rural Areas- Hospital Mergers

Antitrust Market Analysis In Provider Integration

Antitrust Policies Avoiding Spillover – Clinically Integrated Networks

Auditing Physician Payments For Stark Law

Bundled Payment Arrangements for Clinically Integrated Networks

Certification of Investigation of Individual Wrongdoing Under the Yates Memorandum

Clinical Integration Readiness Analysis CINs

CMS Releases Final Rules Under Medicare Shared Savings Program

CMS Releases the First Comprehensive Overhaul of Nursing Home Conditions of Participation in Over 25 Years

False Claims Act Basics – Known Overpayment Becomes False Claim

False Claims Act Liability – Conditions of Participation and Conditions of Payment

Final Rule Under the Medicare Shared Savings Program Released

HHS Releases Inflation Adjusted Federal Civil Penalties

How Should Compliance Process Integrate the Yates Memorandum?

Incident To Billing Rules Changed In New CMS Regulations

Major Revamp of Nursing Home Regulations Proposed By CMS

Medicare Shared Savings Program Changes Under 2016 Physician Fee Schedule Regulations

Medigap PHO Discount Program Receives OIG Approval

New Federal Prosecution Standards Require Revisions to Investigation Policies

Off-Campus Provider-Based Departments Neutrality

OIG Fraud Alert – Medical Director Compensation Arrangements

Outpatient Surgery Article On Using A Safe Surgery Checklist

Population Health Management and Clinical Integration

President Signs the 21st Century Cures Act

Primary Care Integration Strategies – Divisional Group Practice Mergers

Provider Self-Disclosure Decisions – Voluntary Disclosure Process

Referral Requirements – Can Employed Doctors Be Required to Make Referrals?

Reimbursement for Telemedicine and Telehealth Services

Telemedicine Credentialing By Proxy

When Can Violation of a Condition of Participation Result in False Claims Act Liability? Update on Escobar’s Materiality Standard

OIG Releases Annual Work Plan for 2017

January 23rd, 2017

OIG Annual Work Plan for 2017 – Topics Covered

The Health and Human services Office of Inspector General (OIG) recently released its 2017 Annual Work Plan.  Work planning is an ongoing project within the OIG.  Every year, the OIG publishes a work plan that consolidates the OIG audits and evaluations that are being conducted or planned within the organization.  The annual work plan has become a source that compliance officers look to as a tool for the identification of potential risk areas or areas of emphasis within their organization.  It is obviously not the only source for identifying compliance risk areas, but is certainly one reliable source that providers can draw on when setting their annual compliance priorities.

The 2017 OIG Work Plan can be download through the OIG site.

Ruder Ware’s health care group will continue to put out blogs and articles on various issues identified in the 2017 Annual Work Plan.  We will focus primarily on issues that were introduced for the first time in this year’s plan.

Clinical Integration Readiness – Determining Organizational Readiness to Clinically Integration

January 27th, 2016

Clinical Integration is the word of the day for provider organizations.  Clinical integration projects have emerged in all corners of the State of Wisconsin.  Our law firm has been at the center of many of these clinical integration programs and the creation of Accountable Care Organizations.

In a recent Article published on the Health Law Blog, we cover the issue of Clinical Integration Readiness Assessment.  During early assessment and design stages, we attempt to encourage broad participation by providers.  We will normally recommend the creation of a governance and committee structure that is as inclusive as possible.  Clinical integration is primarily a process that physicians perform.  Mechanisms are created through which physicians collaborate across specialty, in an interdependent way toward the end goals of increasing quality and efficiencies.  Ideally, the process should be collaborative between physicians and institutional providers.  However, the dynamics between hospitals and physicians can sometimes adversely impact the working relationship.

Find more by reading the full post over at the Health Care Blog.  This is an issue that all Wisconsin health care providers will want to follow because it is changing the central dynamic of the health care system.

Are You Ready For Clinical Integration?

Ruder Ware Clinical Integration Practice

Review of Nursing Facility prospective payment system requirements

November 24th, 2015

The annual work plan that was recently released states that the office of Inspector General will review compliance with various aspects of the skilled nursing facility prospective payment system. The review will include the documentation requirements in support of claims paid by Medicare. Prior reviews have found that Medicare payments for therapy greatly exceeds SNF cost.  Additionally it was found that skilled nursing facilities have increasingly billed for the highest level of therapy even though key beneficiary characterization remained largely the same.

The oig  states taht it intends to ensure that skilled nursing facility care is reasonable and necessary and that SNF claims are paid in accordance with federal laws and regulations. All documentation requirements under 42 CFR section 483.20 must be met to ensure that the skilled nursing facility care is reasonable and necessary. Documentation needs to include the physician order at the time of admission for the residence immediate care, a comprehensive assessment, and the comprehensive plan of care prepared by an interdisciplinary team that includes the attending physician, a registered nurse and other appropriate staff.

CMS Reference and FAQ on CMS Website Phase 3 Ehr

November 23rd, 2015

CMS has published Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on its website relating to phase 3 of the EHR incentive programs. guidance includes direction how providers can attest to certain measures for health information exchange, patient electronic access, and other aspects of patient interaction woth the system. providers are also reminded that the date to submit comments relative to stage III regulations is December 15, 2015.

access frequently asked questions on cms site

Bundled Payment Arrangements for Clinically Integrated Networks

June 2nd, 2015

By John Fisher, JD, CHC, CCEP

Bundled Payment Arrangements CINs

Bundled Payment and ACO Arrangements – Clinically Integrated Payment Methodologies

Bundled payment involves an agreement between a provider group and a payor for the management of a defined segment of care for an agreed price. A bundled payment would include one payment for all providers involved in the episode of care that is within the bundled area. All providers providing care within the episode of care are entitled to be covered under the bundled payment.

The idea behind bundled payment is to place providers across the spectrum of the applicable care continuum at financial risk and to provide shared financial incentives. In theory, this forces otherwise disjointed providers to cooperate to better coordinate care and to coordinate at a higher level with other elements of the continuum of care.

Bundled payment is one of the primary reasons why providers are mobbing toward clinically integrated health care systems. CINs provide a mechanism for providers across the continuum of care to agree upon protocols and other mechanisms to help them be more cost efficient in the management of bundled areas of care while maximizing the quality of care and outcomes provided to patients.

The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services has developed a Bundled Payment Program

Read more here: Health Law Blog

  

Clinically Integrated Networks – Fee Sharing Procedures

June 2nd, 2015

By John Fisher, JD, CHC, CCEP

Jointly Providing Health Care Fee Information to Payers 

As health care provider networks move down the path toward clinical integration, we are often asked to provide guidance on how information can be jointly provided to payors.  The antitrust laws recognize that collective sharing of some pricing information, even by otherwise competing providers, can be beneficial and does not necessarily violate antitrust laws.  However, there are significant limitations on what can be jointly provided and how the information can be shared.

At the outset, it should be clarified that collective negotiations by competing providers who are not financially or clinically integrated should never take place and constitutes a per se violation of federal antitrust laws.  Prohibited activities include any action in contemplation of or in furtherance of an agreement on fees or other aspects of reimbursement.  It is unlawful for a non-integrated group of competing providers to agree on or suggest a central fee schedule.  Any activity relating to prospective fees should be avoided.

Competing providers can jointly provide information on fees currently being charged or that have been charged in the past as long as certain safeguards are implemented and strictly followed.  The FTC and DOJ have stated that the joint provision

Read more here: Health Law Blog

  

Ambulatory Surgery Centers – Federal Settlement Highlights Safe Harbor Requirements

June 2nd, 2015

By John Fisher, JD, CHC, CCEP

ASC Investments Safe Harbors

A Tennessee based ambulatory surgery center company has agreed to pay damages to a former employee who filed a suit alleging that physician investments in local surgery center entities violated the Anti-kickback Statute.  The case highlights some of the unique kickback issues that are present in ambulatory surgery center structure.  Specifically, the case demonstrates how investment terms that are intended to assure compliance with the safe harbor regulations under the Medicare Anti‑Kickback Statute (42 U.S.C. § 1320a-7b(a)-(b)) can create evidence of non-compliance if the initial terms of the offering relate, in whole or in part, to the volume or value of expected referrals from the investor in the ASC venture.

In order to comply with safe harbor requirements, ASCs must generally require investing physicians to use the facility as an extension of their medical practices.  However, if the terms of the investment are based on the volume or value of referrals, those same requirements become evidence that referrals are being required in exchange for remuneration.  In the Tennessee case, the ASC management company purchased controlling interests in local surgery center entities at a high multiple of earnings.  Physicians who were referral sources were offered investments at less than 1/3 of the

Read more here: Health Law Blog